How Is Multiple Myeloma Treated?
There are many treatment options for patients with multiple myeloma, including:
Patients with early-stage myeloma (either smoldering or Stage I) who choose watchful waiting will be closely monitored but won't receive treatment until symptoms of the disease either appear or change.
Bisphosphonates are used to help bones stay strong by slowing down the rate at which they are being dissolved by myeloma cells. Jaw damage and infection are rare but serious side effects of being treated with bisphosphonates.
Surgery is not commonly used to treat multiple myeloma. However, surgery may become necessary if the spinal cord is pinched. It can also be used to attach metal rods or plates to support weight-bearing bones and to treat existing fractures and prevent future ones.