A newer term that’s used to describe individuals with diverse or variant cognitive functioning. Both neurodiverse and neurotypical originated as a more comprehensive way to describe autism, and now neurodiverse is used more broadly to include other developmental differences.
Neurodiversity is the concept that brain differences are just that: differences. So conditions like dyslexia, autism, ADHD are not “abnormal.” Though they may be disabilities, they are not flaws. They are simply variations of the human brain.
The classification of autism, ADHD, dyslexia, bipolarity, as medical/psychiatric pathology has no valid scientific basis, and instead reflects cultural prejudice and oppresses those labeled as such.
The social dynamics around neurodiversity are similar to the dynamics that manifest around other forms of human diversity. These dynamics include unequal distribution of social power; conversely, when embraced, diversity can act as a source of creative potential.
Adapted from multiple sources including: