Adjective, Noun

An umbrella term that encompasses a number of understandings of gender and sexuality among many Indigenous North Americans — has its roots in traditions and cultures dating back centuries. Sometimes acknowledged in the abbreviation of LGBTQ2.

Not all Native cultures conceptualize gender this way, and most tribes use names in their own languages.

The effects of colonialism in Native American communities resulted in both marginalization on the basis of racial/ethnic identity and also of gender and sexuality. Christian European colonizers condemned same-sex relationships and gender variance as sinful and used these beliefs to further dehumanize Indigenous people.


Adapted from Them. and Human Rights Campaign