The brain, inner ear, muscles, joints, central nervous system, senses and blood vessels/heart all work together for normal balance. These links are called the vestibular system. Sometimes a disease or injury can damage this system causing dizziness, vertigo, trouble with walking or balancing, and sometimes difficulty with hearing and vision.
What causes a balance disorder?
Balance problems can occur for many reasons. Balance and dizziness problems are most often caused by inner ear conditions; additionally conditions like arthritis and mild sensory loss can create symptoms of dizziness as well.
How are balance disorders treated?
Specialized exercises are crucial when treating a vestibular disorder. Occupational and physical therapists will evaluate the patient’s vestibular disorder symptoms and create an individualized treatment plan to improve balance and quality of life.