The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT5), developed by a group of international experts, (Berlin 2016) is used to evaluate injured athletes for concussion. If an athlete completes the test prior to their season, baseline results can be established to determine a patient’s normal responses or reactions. Then, if they suffer a concussion the test can be taken again and results compared to evaluate when it is safe to return to play.

The SCAT5 is made up of many different parts and measures immediate memory, concentration, delayed recall, balance, and orientation. Result scores are understood nationwide.