Most tongue cancers begin in the cells that cover the surfaces of your tongue. Tests to diagnose oral cancer include a physical exam, endoscopy, biopsy, and imaging tests.


  • White or red patches in your mouth
  • A mouth sore that won't heal
  • Bleeding in your mouth
  • Problems or pain with swallowing


Treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Some patients have a combination of treatments.

Risk Factors

The risk of developing tongue cancer is higher if you are male, use tobacco, drink lots of alcohol, have HPV, or have a history of head or neck cancer.

Departments and Programs Who Treat This Condition


Head and Neck Cancer Program

Our multidisciplinary team brings together experts who collaborate on your unique head and neck cancer care from consultation through treatment and follow-up.

Oral Maxillofacial Surgery Oncology Program

The OMFS Oncology team at BMC offers unique expertise for patients with tumors of the jaw, mouth, and face. Our holistic experience spans diagnosis, treatment, and reconstruction,…