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The knee is the largest joint in the body and one of the most easily injured. Because of its complex structure and constant use, this puts it at a particularly high risk of being damaged.

The knee is made up of many bones, tendons, ligaments, muscles and cartilage. Surgery to repair any of these parts of the knee may be required if an injury occurs as a result of twisting the knee beyond the normal range of motion, moving the knee abnormally, overuse, or doing something that is strenuous on the knee.

Some knee injuries or conditions can be treated without surgery, and at BMC, physicians explore such options before considering surgery. However, there are times when surgery can be the better option. BMC surgeons are fellowship-trained in shoulder surgery and have extensive expertise in caring for the shoulders.

The most common knee surgeries involve arthroscopy — a surgical technique used to repair many different types of knee problems — or knee replacement. Arthroscopy is a type of keyhole surgery used to diagnose and treat a wide range of knee problems.

Conditions of the Knee