James J. O'Connell, MD, is a board-certified primary care physician at Boston Medical Center (BMC) and an assistant professor of medicine in General Internal Medicine at Boston University Chobanian & Avedisian School of Medicine. Dr. O'Connell began full-time clinical work with homeless individuals as the founding physician of the Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program (BHCHP), which now serves over 11,000 homeless persons each year in two hospital-based clinics (BMC and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH)) and in more than 45 shelters and outreach sites in Boston. He currently serves as president of this program. With his colleagues, Dr. O'Connell established the nation's first medical respite program for homeless persons in 1985, with 25 beds nested within the Lemuel Shattuck Shelter. This innovative program now provides acute and sub-acute, pre- and post-operative, and palliative and end-of-life care in BHCHP's 104-bed Barbara McInnis House. Working with the MGH Laboratory of Computer Science, Dr. O'Connell designed and implemented the nation’s first computerized medical record for a homeless program in 1995. From 1989 until 1996, Dr. O'Connell served as the National Program Director of the Homeless Families Program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Dr. O'Connell is also the editor of The Health Care of Homeless Persons: A Manual of Communicable Diseases and Common Problems in Shelters and on the Streets. His articles have appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine, the Journal of the American Medical Association, Circulation, the American Journal of Public Health, the Journal of Clinical Ethics, and several other medical journals. He has also been featured on ABC's Nightline and in a feature-length documentary entitled “Give Me a Shot of Anything.” His first book, Stories from the Shadows: Reflections of a Street Doctor, was published in 2015 and featured on NPR's Fresh Air with Terry Gross. He has received numerous awards, including the Albert Schweitzer Humanitarian Award in 2012 and The Trustees' Medal at the bicentennial celebration of MGH in 2011.

  • Departments

  • Specialties

    Healthcare for people experiencing homelessness

  • Administrative Title

    President, Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program; Assistant Professor, Medicine, General Internal Medicine, Boston University Chobanian & Avedisian School of Medicine

  • Residency

    Internal Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, 1982-1987
  • Education

    Harvard Medical School, 1982
  • Board Certifications

    Internal Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine