Pediatrics – Travel / International Health
Refugee Health Program
Please note that the Refugee Health Assessment Program sees patients that are referred from specific resettlement agencies; thus we do not make appointments for these patients outside this system. New immigrants to the U.S. should have their appointments made with primary care professionals with whom they plan to establish long-term care.
Up to 75,000 refugees arrive each year in the United States, and about 5% of them have settled in Massachusetts in recent years. All refugees are entitled to a health assessment which needs to be initiated within three months of arrival in the U.S. Refugees are directed to the International Clinic by their sponsoring agencies. Trained medical interpreters and outreach workers affiliated with Boston Medical Center and the Refugee Health Program of the Department of Public Health provide interpretation of language as well as information about cultural traditions and practices that may impact upon health.
The goals of the refugee health assessment are:
- General health assessment, including vision, hearing and dental screening
- Identification and treatment of immediate health needs
- Diagnosis and treatment of communicable diseases
- Orientation to the health system in the United States
- Transition to a primary care provider
War, violence, and extreme living conditions are experiences shared by many refugee children. A survey of Bosnian children performed in the clinic showed that most children or their parents reported multiple exposures to wartime violence. Behavioral symptoms possibly related to these exposures were reported to be present in nearly half of all children.
We have gradually expanded our role to provide additional services, collaborating with other BMC services as needed.
These services include:
- Providing school forms and immunizations to facilitate school entry
- Enrolling eligible children and mothers in the federal WIC program and providing additional nutritional support to families as needed
- Identifying the need and making arrangements for subspecialty services, including developmental assessment and referral for mental health services
The International Clinic provides a family-oriented program to reduce the incidence of travel related illness. Most patients are from the international community of Boston Medical Center, where more than half of all children have at least one parent who was born outside the United States.
The Travel Medicine program provides:
- Travel-specific immunizations
- Information about prevention of malaria and other insect-borne diseases
- Information about prevention and treatment of traveler's diarrhea
- Education about prevention of other travel-related conditions
- Hand-outs for patients to take with them outlining preventive measures they can carry out during their travels
- Evaluation of travelers who develop illness during their travels
For health information on international travel, see the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website.
Tropical Medicine Program
The International Clinic provides consultation services for diseases acquired abroad, including parasitic infections and other conditions such as malaria, schistosomiasis and strongyloides. The clinic maintains ties with the Hanson’s Disease Center in order to provide the most current diagnostic and treatment services. Close contact is maintained with each patient’s primary care provider during each consultation. Both adult and pediatric infectious disease specialists with training in international health and tropical medicine are available to see patients in the clinic.
The Travel Medicine clinic is one of 5 travel clinics participating in the Boston Area Travel Medicine Network (BATMN), a research network of travel clinics funded with a cooperative agreement with CDC.
Research activities of the clinic include:
- Studies on the effects of exposure to war and violence in refugee children
- Assessment of immunity to hepatitis A in individuals from developing countries
- Epidemiology of travel-related illness in urban multinational populations
- Immunity to vaccine-preventable diseases among refugees
- Response to vaccines in refugees
- Seroprevalence of dengue antibody in travelers
- Demographic analysis of travelers
- Description of travelers visiting friends and relatives
- Decision analysis for yellow fever vaccine
- Hepatitis E and chikungunya virus antibody prevalence in travelers