A migraine is an intense headache that causes throbbing pain. Women are more likely to suffer from migraines, and a family history as well as triggers like certain foods and medication seem to be causes in some people. Often a person experiences their first migraine during adolescence. Pain from a migraine can last hours or even days.
Memory disorders are a group of disorders that cause dementia and brain function impairment, including Alzheimer’s disease, frontotemporal dementia, (front part of the brain), Lewy body dementia (visions of objects that are not there). Symptoms that generally come with any memory disorder include memory loss and brain function severe enough to interrupt a normal life.
Epilepsy is a seizure disorder that occurs when nerve cell activity in the brain is interrupted, causing a seizure. Seizures affect anything the brain is in control of, and range from uncontrollable twitching to staring to loss of consciousness, depending on the person. Most often epilepsy has no known cause, however in many cases it is thought to be genetic (run in the family).
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive loss of brain cell function and number, resulting in symptoms like confusion, loss of memory and social skills, and overall brain function (dementia). Most often seen in older adults, genetics (runs in the family) and lifestyle seem to play a factor. Women are more likely to develop Alzheimer's than men. Depending on the person, it can progress slowly or quickly, and there is no cure.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are passed from person to person through sexual contact. Often there are no symptoms, so an infected person may not know they are putting others at risk for an STD. When symptoms are present, they include anything from genital sores to pain during sex. Examples of STDs include bacterial infections like gonorrhea and syphilis and viral infections like HPV (human papillomavirus) and HIV.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS. People infected with HIV, usually spread through bodily fluids from unprotected sex or shared needles for drug use, don’t always have AIDS. HIV symptoms can be dormant (non-active) for years, though many experience flu-like symptoms shortly after becoming infected. There is no cure for HIV, which is diagnosed with a blood test.
Hepatitis C is a virus that causes liver inflammation, passed through exposure to blood from an infected person. Symptoms, including jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), fatigue, and stomach pain, may not be present and the infection undetected. Years after the infection has caused permanent liver damage, symptoms might include bleeding easily, confusion, leg swelling and more.
Hepatitis B is a liver infection that is either acute (lasts less than 6 months) or chronic (lasting). Passed from person to person through bodily fluids, hepatitis B is a serious infection, causing symptoms like jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), fever, nausea, fatigue and more. Chronic hepatitis B increases risk for liver cancer, liver failure, and cirrhosis (scarring of the liver).