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Published Articles

Time period: 2002-2017

Crosby, Sondra S., and Gilbert Benavidez. “From Nuremberg to Guantanamo Bay: Uses of Physicians in the War on Terror.” American Journal of Public Health, November 21, 2017, e1–6.

Mehta, P. K., K. Saia, D. Mody, S. S. Crosby, A. Raj, S. Maru, and L. Piwowarczyk. “Learning from UJAMBO: Perspectives on Gynecologic Care in African Immigrant and Refugee Women in Boston, Massachusetts.” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, October 14, 2017, 1–8.

Annas, George J., and Sondra S. Crosby. “Post-9/11 Torture at CIA ‘Black Sites’--Physicians and Lawyers Working Together.” The New England Journal of Medicine 372, no. 24 (June 11, 2015): 2279–81.

Crosby, Sondra S., Stephen N. Xenakis, and Leonard H. Glantz. “Force Feeding at Guantanamo in First Case Brought to US Federal Court.” BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.) 350 (March 10, 2015): h1270.

Moreno, Alejandro, Sondra Crosby, Stephen Xenakis, and Vincent Iacopino. “Implementing Istanbul Protocol Standards for Forensic Evidence of Torture in Kyrgyzstan.” Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 30 (February 2015): 39–42.

Crosby, Sondra S. “Not Every Food Refuser Is a Hunger Striker.” The American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB 14, no. 7 (2014): 47–48.

Kimball, Sarah L., and Stephen Soldz. “Medical Professionalism and Abuse of Detainees in the War on Terror.” BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.) 348 (April 29, 2014): g2947.

Waldorf, Barbara, Christopher Gill, and Sondra S. Crosby. “Assessing Adherence to Accepted National Guidelines for Immigrant and Refugee Screening and Vaccines in an Urban Primary Care Practice: A Retrospective Chart Review.” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 16, no. 5 (October 2014): 839–45.

Annas, George J., Sondra S. Crosby, and Leonard H. Glantz. “Guantanamo Bay: A Medical Ethics-Free Zone?” The New England Journal of Medicine 369, no. 2 (July 11, 2013): 101–3.

Crosby, Sondra S.  “Primary Care Management of Non-English-Speaking Refugees Who Have Experienced Trauma: A Clinical Review.” JAMA 310, no. 5 (August 7, 2013): 519–28.

Piwowarczyk, Linda, Hillary Bishop, Kelley Saia, Sondra Crosby, Francine Tshiwala Mudymba, Nimo Ibrahim Hashi, and Anita Raj. “Pilot Evaluation of a Health Promotion Program for African Immigrant and Refugee Women: The UJAMBO Program.” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 15, no. 1 (February 2013): 219–23.

Crosby, Sondra S. “A Doctor’s Response to Torture.” Annals of Internal Medicine 156, no. 6 (March 20, 2012): 471–72.

Highfield, Ellen Silver, Puja Lama, Michael A. Grodin, Ted J. Kaptchuk, and Sondra S. Crosby. “Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine for Survivors of Torture and Refugee Trauma: A Descriptive Report.” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 14, no. 3 (June 2012): 433–40.

Tsai, Alexander C., Mohammed A. Eisa, Sondra S. Crosby, Susannah Sirkin, Michele Heisler, Jennifer Leaning, and Vincent Iacopino. “Medical Evidence of Human Rights Violations against Non-Arabic-Speaking Civilians in Darfur: A Cross-Sectional Study.” PLoS Medicine 9, no. 4 (2012): e1001198.

Blumhofer, Rebecca D., Neha Shah, Michael A. Grodin, and Sondra S. Crosby. “Clinical Issues in Caring for Former Chattel Slaves.” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 13, no. 2 (April 2011): 323–32.

Crosby, Sondra S., Shaulnie Mohan, Christina Di Loreto, and Jeffrey H. Spiegel. “Head and Neck Sequelae of Torture.” The Laryngoscope 120, no. 2 (February 2010): 414–19.

Crosby, Sondra. “Seeking Asylum from Torture: A Doctor’s View.” Annals of Internal Medicine 147, no. 6 (September 18, 2007): 431.

Crosby, Sondra S., and Michael A. Grodin. “Ethical Considerations in Crisis and Humanitarian Interventions: The View From Home.” Ethics & Behavior 17, no. 2 (June 11, 2007): 203–5.

Crosby, Sondra S., George A. Mashour, Michael A. Grodin, Yandong Jiang, and Janet Osterman. “Emergence Flashback in a Patient with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.” General Hospital Psychiatry 29, no. 2 (April 2007): 169–71.

Crosby, Sondra S., Caroline M. Apovian, and Michael A. Grodin. “Hunger Strikes, Force-Feeding, and Physicians’ Responsibilities.” JAMA 298, no. 5 (August 1, 2007): 563–66.

Crosby, Sondra S., Marie Norredam, Michael K. Paasche-Orlow, Linda Piwowarczyk, Tim Heeren, and Michael A. Grodin. “Prevalence of Torture Survivors among Foreign-Born Patients Presenting to an Urban Ambulatory Care Practice.” Journal of General Internal Medicine 21, no. 7 (July 2006): 764–68.

Crosby, Sondra S., Elizabeth J. Rourke, and Mohamed A. Warfa. “Fasting and Medical Issues during Ramadan.” JAMA 294, no. 13 (October 5, 2005): 1618.

Norredam, Marie, Sondra Crosby, Ricardo Munarriz, Lin Piwowarczyk, and Michael Grodin. “Urologic Complications of Sexual Trauma among Male Survivors of Torture.” Urology 65, no. 1 (January 2005): 28–32.

Moreno, Alejandro, Sondra Crosby, Colleen Labelle, Margaret Sullivan, and Jeffrey H. Samet. “Health Assessment of HIV-Infected Refugees.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (1999) 34, no. 2 (October 1, 2003): 251–54.

Pincus, Jonathan M., Sondra S. Crosby, Elena Losina, Erin R. King, Colleen LaBelle, and Kenneth A. Freedberg. “Acute Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Patients Presenting to an Urban Urgent Care Center.” Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 37, no. 12 (December 15, 2003): 1699–1704.

Crosby, Sondra, and Michael A. Grodin. “The Forum. The Challenges of Cross-Cultural Research in the International Setting.” Ethics & Behavior 12, no. 4 (2002): 371–72, 376–78.